The Cook Islands became a self-governing nation on 4th August, 1965.  This page reflects on that very special day in the history of the nation...a day which is a national holiday and around which two weeks of celebrations (Te Maeva Nui) take place.
Cultural competitions have been a focal part of the constitution celebrations from the start.  But until recently, dancing and singing performances were used by islanders to praise political parties and lobby for projects on their islands.  

Changes came as recently as 2002 when the Culture Secretary of the time decided that the political rally format should be ditched in favour of one that focussed on unity through cultural heritage.   And that's how it's been ever since.   
Picture right courtesy of and copyright Harv Allison
The Constitution Celebrations were renamed in 2001 because the Prime Minister of the time wanted a Cook Islands Maori name to capture the essence and joy of the annual festival.  They are now called "Te Maeva Nui" which translates as "the major or most important celebration". 
Albert Henry thought big...he wanted big ships and big planes to come to Rarotonga.  And he encouraged foreign investment. Today's docks and international airport are down to his vision and his hard work. 

He also introduced a universal old age pension (10 shillings a week  = 50 UK pence), and a policy still in force today that no building in the Cook Islands should be higher than the highest coconut tree.

But Henry's political career came to an ignominious end.  He was tried and convicted of election crimes in 1978 and his government removed from office.  To this day though, he's much loved and an important part of the Islands' history and development.

The Cook Islands is a self governing nation "in free association with New Zealand".  That means it makes its own laws and governs itself, but New Zealand is responsible for External Affairs and Defence in consultation with the Cook Islands government.   All Islanders also have New Zealand citizenship and this right is protected under the constitution

The current flag, below left,replaced the one on the right in August, 1979


1888:  UK declares the islands a British colony
1901:  Islands annexed by New Zealand
1947:  Legislative Council established
1958:  First elections under universal suffrage
1959:  Legislative Council expanded to include representatives from Islands' Councils
14 December, 1960:   UN General Assembly passes a resolution calling for all colonial peoples to be granted full independence
12 July, 1962:   Options for the political future of the Islands laid out by New Zealand's Minister of Island Territories
20 April, 1965:   Cook Islands first general election under self-government, to choose members of the Legislative Assembly (subsequently Parliament)
4 August, 1965:   Cook Islands declared a self-governing nation "in free association with New Zealand"
16 December, 1965:   UN General Assembly endorses self government
Original Cook Islands flat
Cook Islands flag
Albert Henry
Queens letter
HM The Queen
Her Majesty the Queen (Queen Elizabeth II) -  who, to this day remains the official head of state - sent "warmest greetings" to her people on Constitution Day, 1965.

She said in a letter (left):"Although I have not yet been able to visit you in person, I have always rejoiced to hear news of your progress and welfare. 
It is my sincere wish that this important day in your long history will be blest by Almighty God and will be the door to a happy and prosperous future



Parliament, which is based on the UK model, has two houses.  The lower house or Legislative Assembly has 25 elected members - 24 from districts of the Cook Islands and one representing the many Cook Islanders who live overseas.  The Members of Parliament represent districts and islands.  The upper house, or House of Ariki, is made up of traditional leaders, who provide consultation and advice

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Above: The Parliament buildings on Rarotonga are not quite a rival for the UK's Westminster, but they're no less important constitutionally.   They were oncer temporary buildings for contractors who built the airport back in the early 70s. The  inside of the buildings were gutted and long overdue modernisation took place in 2019.  The public can sit in on sessions which are also broadcast live on the government's Facebook page
In 2015, the Islands celebrated 50 years of independence.  I created this special video to mark the occassion
The Constitution of the Islands explains the flag as follows:
BLUE - is the colour most expressive of our Nation, it is representative of the vast area of the Pacific Ocean in which the islands of the Cook Islands are scattered. Blue also depicts the peaceful nature of the inhabitants of our islands.  THE UNION JACK indicates our historical association with and membership of the British Commonwealth.  The 15 WHITE STARS represent the 15 islands of the group

YOu're never too young in the Cook Islands to start dancing
Manihiki dancers
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